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Prior to 1916, stewardship of Yosemite & Sequoia National Parks was the responsibility of the U.S. Army. In 1899, 1903, 1904 the job fell upon the 24th Infantry & 9th Cavalry, the Buffalo Soldiers. The 250-mile trek from the Presidio of San Francisco (Monterey in 1904) took 13 days, 15-30 miles a day. At the parks they built roads, protected the parks from fire, poachers, grazers, etc.
The Buffalo soldiers played a key part in the development of the national park system by serving in many critical roles in the western United States, including protecting some of the first national parks. Based at the Presidio in San Francisco, Buffalo Soldiers were assigned to Sequoia and Yosemite National Parks, where they patrolled the backcountry, built trails, stopped poachers, and otherwise served in the roles later assumed by national park rangers.
Ms. Regenia Payne Moses, daughter of William Payne one of the founders of Allensworth, California, passed away June 14, 2016. The first school in Allensworth opened in 1910 under the direction of Professor William Payne and for the next ten years he guided the growth of the school and its young citizens.
The Allensworth and Alpaugh communities will have their 5th annual Summer Family Day at Colonel Allensworth State Historic Park on Saturday, July 16, 2016 from 4 – 8 pm.
To the Editor of The Age: I wish to tell you of our movement here. It is not one of speculation, but one of co-operation in molding public opinion favorable to the race and to demonstrate to our many unfavorable critics that we can do and be.
Assembly Bill 2444 by Assemblymember Eduardo Garcia (D-Coachella) will give California voters the opportunity to approve the issuance of bonds in the amount of $2,985,000,000 pursuant to the State General Obligation Bond Law to finance a parks, water, climate, and coastal protection.
In 1908 retired army Colonel, Allen Allensworth, and Professor William Payne established the all black community of Allensworth in Tulare County. “Allensworth is the only California town to be founded, financed and governed by African Americans.” (From the California Department of Parks and Recreation website.)
“I do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within said designated States, and parts of States, are, and henceforward shall be free.”
In this 2004 interview Mrs. Alice Calbert Royal talks about the importance of family, going to school in New York, working in Africa and life in Allensworth. Mrs. Royal was born in her grandparent’s Allensworth home in 1923.
Mrs. Sadie Hackett Calbert is the daughter of James and Alice Hackett, who emigrated from North Carolina to San Francisco in 1886. After many years of successful business operations in the Bay Area, the family purchased a town lot in Allensworth and built a home in 1913. Mrs. Calbert wrote this poem, which reflects her fond memories of Allensworth, when she was in her 90s.